Like most things in life, earlier planning for the SAT and ACT will pay off in higher test scores. You don’t want to wait until college applications are due in senior year to take your first SAT or ACT – you’ll perform nowhere near your best, and you might not get into the schools you were planning to apply to.
Beyond the general tip of planning early, you’ll need to decide what specific test dates you’ll be taking the SAT or ACT. Each test has 6-8 test dates throughout the year, and your score can vary on each test date based on a few important factors. In order of priority, here are the most important factors to think about when determining when you should take the test:
The most important factor for determining when you should be taking the SAT or ACT are your personal college admissions deadlines. As we’ll explain later, you should begin preparing for the SAT and ACT a year before your first important deadline, and you should make sure to take the tests at least 2 times.
For most students, regular decision application deadlines are in January and February of their senior year, which means taking their last SAT or ACT by December of their senior year of high school. If you’re applying in the Early Admissions cycle around November of senior year, your last test date will be the October SAT or ACT. This means beginning to prepare for the SAT and ACT in junior year. Keep reading for our recommendation for the best schedule for most students like this.
You might have more personal deadlines. For example, you may be recruited for athletics, or you may be applying for scholarships with earlier deadlines.
Much of the SAT and ACT tests general concepts that you’ll learn in high school, and your scores will be higher once you’ve taken the classes that cover material on the tests. In particular, the best time to take the SAT or ACT is after you’ve taken Geometry and Algebra II in school. Both tests heavily feature algebra and geometry, and if you’ve never encountered these subjects, your knowledge foundation will be weak and you’ll do poorly on the math section.
As for the reading and writing/English sections, most students will have had enough exposure to English and grammar to form a baseline understanding of the concepts needed for the SAT and ACT. You will need to prep specifically for the SAT and ACT beyond what you’ve learned in school to excel on these sections.
Now, this doesn’t mean that just because you took Algebra II and English classes, you’ll do well on the test. The test questions themselves are very different from what you’ll encounter in school, and much of SAT and ACT prep involves learning these special types of questions and becoming familiar with the format of the test. But having the underlying content foundation will make you improve much faster.
It’s best to take the SAT or ACT when you’re not stressed about 5 other things in life (if this is at all possible). Many high school students struggle with a very busy schedule, balancing schoolwork, extracurriculars, a social life, and test prep. Avoid taking the SAT or ACT when you have a lot of other activities going on. For example, May is especially busy for many students because of AP exams, finals, and end of year extracurriculars. But for you, March might be a bad time because you’re gearing up for state championships for your sport.
In my experience with thousands of students, students who plan to take the SAT or ACT during busy times like these end up getting very stressed, don’t have enough time to prep, and end up having a lower-than-expected performance.
It’s better to schedule for a test date on either side of a busy period so you have more time in your schedule to prep, and less stress and anxiety. This can make a big difference in your final test scores.
For most students, we recommend you try to study at least 40 hours for the SAT or ACT to see a big score improvement. If you can study more than this – 80, 120 hours – you’ll be rewarded with higher test scores.
If you’ve already taken the test several times, but don’t have time to prep for your next test, you’re unlikely to see a big score improvement. This is an unfortunate truth, but without learning more, you won’t improve your score.
It’s better to schedule the test for a time when you can dedicate focused study time to test prep. For example, many students like scheduling the test after winter break or right after summer so they can take advantage of free time to put in serious study hours.
For most students, here’s a testing schedule that gives you the best chance of getting the score you want. It makes sure you test early, gives yourself room to improve, and builds in enough buffer time so that you can get the score you want before college applications are due.
Take the PSAT as a Junior. If you’re aiming for National Merit, you will want to prepare for this test. For most students, no need to prepare – use this as an opportunity to get early exposure to the SAT. For the ACT, you might take the ACT as part of your statewide testing or the ACT Aspire program.
Take the January SAT/ACT as a Junior. Use winter break as time to prepare for this test. Make sure you have a study plan, and take at least one or two full-length practice tests before the real test so you become accustomed to the format. This will be your first official test, so it’ll give you your starting score that you’ll improve on.
Take the May or June SAT/ACT as a Junior. You’ll need to prep for this test. Make sure you have a long-term study schedule during the school year to make sure you factor in enough time to study. Decide between May or June depending on your personal schedule to reduce stress, as I mentioned above. You’re likely to improve your score just by taking the test a second time.
At this point, it’s very possible that your May/June SAT or ACT score is good enough for the colleges that you’re applying for. If you still want to improve, then take these next steps
Study hard during the summer, and take the September ACT or the October SAT as a Senior. From Steps 2 and 3, you’ll know how much room you need to grow in your score. You need to work really hard during the summer, even at the expense of social life or personal fun. (It’s well worth it, as a higher score will get you access to better colleges and scholarships).
If you’re still not satisfied, you have one last shot as a Senior for the November/December SAT and ACT. This is the last chance – if you’re still far from your SAT/ACT score target, I recommend that you drop as much as you can to improve your test score. This means reducing your extracurricular load, social life, and even schoolwork to concentrate on this test.